is a sulfur-containing amino acid, rapidly oxidized in the disulfides
homocysteine and cysteine-homocysteine. Normal levels of fasting plasma
homocysteine are considered to be between 5 and 15 μmol/L. several vitamins
and diet regulate metabolic pathway and influence plasma concentration.
Observations in several and clinical and epidemiological studies have suggested
that elevated homocisteine is a risk factor for atherosclerotic vascular disease
and venous thromboembolism.
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