Cardiac catheterisation

This test is done by a catheter (long flexible plastic tube) inserted into an artery or vein using a needle puncture in the groin or a small incision in the arm. The ECG is checked continuously and also the blood pressure at the tip of the catheter.

The purpose of this test is especially aimed to evaluate patients with coronary artery disease, acquired and congenital valve disease. Can be assessed blood pressure within the heart, the function of the pumping chambers and valves, and the exact severity and position of any narrowings in the coronary arteries. Some catheters with expandable balloons on them are sometimes used to stretch narrowed valves in children and old patients.


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